Asserts a clause as the last one for a dynamic predicate. If the
predicate is not previously declared (using a scope directive), then a
dynamic predicate declaration is added to the object (assuming that we
are asserting locally or that the
dynamic_declarations compiler flag
was set to
allow when the object was created or compiled).
When the predicate indicator for
Head is declared in a uses/2 or
use_module/2 directive, the clause is asserted in the referenced
object or module. When the backend Prolog compiler supports a module system, the
predicate argument can also be module qualified.
This method may be used to assert clauses for predicates that are not declared dynamic for dynamic objects provided that the predicates are declared in this. This allows easy initialization of dynamically created objects when writing constructors.
Modes and number of proofs¶
assertz(+clause) - one
Headis a variable:
Headis a neither a variable nor a callable term:
Bodycannot be converted to a goal:
Name/Arity, is that of a private predicate:
permission_error(modify, private_predicate, Name/Arity)
Name/Arity, is that of a protected predicate:
permission_error(modify, protected_predicate, Name/Arity)
Name/Arity, is that of a static predicate:
permission_error(modify, static_predicate, Name/Arity)
Name/Arity, does not match a declared predicate and the target object was created/compiled with support for dynamic declaration of predicates turned off:
permission_error(create, predicate_declaration, Name/Arity)
An example of asserting clauses in this and in self from a category:
:- category(attributes, implements(attributes_protocol)). :- private(attr_/1). :- dynamic(attr_/1). set_in_this(A, X) :- assertz(attr_(A, X)). set_in_self(A, X) :- ::assertz(attr_(A, X)). ...
An example of asserting clauses into another object with the predicates listed using a uses/2 directive (similar when using a use_module/2 directive):
:- object(reasoner(_KnowledgeBase_)). :- uses(_KnowledgeBase_, [ foo/1, bar/1 ]). baz(X) :- % compiled as _KnowledgeBase_::assertz(foo(X)) assertz(foo(X)). foobar(Name, Argument) :- Clause =.. [Name, Argument], % runtime resolved to _KnowledgeBase_::assertz(Clause) % when Name is either foo or bar assertz(Clause). ...
abolish/1, asserta/1, clause/2, retract/1, retractall/1 dynamic/0, dynamic/1, uses/2, use_module/2