This library provides an implementation of expected terms with an API
that is inspired by the
optional library and C++ standardization
proposals for an
Expected<T> type. An expected term is an opaque
compound term that either contains an expected value or an error
informing why the expected value is not present. Expected terms provide
an alternative to generating an exception (or a failure) when something
unexpected happens when asking for a value. This allows e.g. separating
the code that constructs expected terms from the code that processes
them, which is then free to deal if necessary and at its convenience
with any unexpected events.
To load all entities in this library, load the
| ?- logtalk_load(expecteds(loader)).
To test this library predicates, load the
| ?- logtalk_load(expecteds(tester)).
expected object provides constructors for expected terms. For
| ?- expected::of_expected(1, Expected). ...
The created expected terms can then be passed as parameters to the
expected/1 parametric object. For example:
| ?- expected::of_expected(1, Expected), expected(Expected)::or_else(Value, 0). Expected = expected(1), Value = 1 yes | ?- expected::of_unexpected(-1, Expected), expected(Expected)::or_else(Value, 0). Expected = unexpected(-1), Value = 0 yes
either object provides types and predicates for extended
type-checking and predicates for handling lists of expected terms.